Fordham University is a private, nonprofit, coeducational research university in the United States, with three campuses in and around New York City. It was founded by the Roman Catholic Diocese of New York in 1841 as St. John's College, placed in the care of the Society of Jesus shortly thereafter, and has since become an independent institution under a lay Board of Trustees, which describes the University as "in the Jesuit tradition."
Fordham is composed of four undergraduate colleges and six graduate schools. Enrollment at Fordham includes approximately 8,000 undergraduate and 7,000 graduate students spread over three campuses in New York State: Rose Hill in the Bronx, Lincoln Center in Manhattan, and Westchester in West Harrison. In addition, the University operates a foreign center in London Fordham awards bachelor's (BA, BFA, and BS), master's, and doctoral degrees. It also offers a five-year BA/BS engineering program in cooperation with Columbia University and Case Western Reserve University and a BFA program in dance in partnership with the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater.
The Fordham University Library System contains over 2.4 million volumes, subscribes to over 50,000 serials and electronic journals, and is a depository for United States Government documents. In addition, the Interlibrary Loan office provides students and faculty with virtually unlimited access to the over 20 million volumes in the New York Public Library
System as well as access to media from libraries around the World
The Carnegie Foundation classifies Fordham as a high-research doctoral university (RU/H), with approximately $7 million in research expenditures in 2010. Major facilities on campus for scientific research include the Louis Calder Center, a biological field station in Armonk
, NY, and the William Spain
Seismic Observatory. In addition, Fordham collaborates with several institutions in New York City and around the world, such as the New York Botanical Garden
, the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, and Los Alamos National Laboratory, for the purposes of conducting research.
Fordham maintains the Louis Calder Center, a biological field station 30 miles (50 km) north of New York City in Armonk, NY. It consists of a 114 acres (0.46 km2) forested area, including a 10-acre (40,000 m2) lake, and 19 buildings. The structures house laboratories and offices, educational programs, equipment storage, a research library, and residences. The station is the middle site along a 130-kilometre (81 mi) urban-forest transect, the Urban-Rural Gradient Experiment (URGE), and supports the longest running ecological field study of Lyme Disease in the country.