First Church in Boston is a Unitarian Universalist Church founded in 1630 by John Winthrop's original Puritan settlement in Boston, Massachusetts. The current building is on 66 Marlborough Street in Boston. The church was created in 1630 when the settlers on the Arbella arrived in what is now Charlestown, Massachusetts. Two years later they constructed a meeting house across the Charles River near what is now State Street in Boston.
From 1633 to 1652 John Cotton was a teaching elder at the church and helped to establish the foundation of the Congregationalist Church, the official state church of Massachusetts. In the 18th century, Charles Chauncy was a minister at First Church for sixty years and gained a reputation for opposing what he believed was emotionalism during the Great Awakening of Jonathan Edwards.