Fallon is a city in Churchill County, located in western Nevada, United States.It is the county seat of Churchill County and is located in the Lahontan Valley.Fallon is primarily an agricultural community. Although the area is arid, approximately 50,000 acres of farmland are irrigated with water supplied by the Truckee-Carson Irrigation District.
Seven miles east of Fallon, adjacent to Highway 50, is the Grimes Point Petroglyph Trail. The Trail features rocks with carvings as much as eight thousand years old, created by native peoples who were drawn to the shores of ancient Lake Lahontan. The Trail is approximately one-half mile long on a level path. Free brochures explaining the native art are available. There is also a cave where bats dwell. Has also been known to be a popular local party destination. The path begins to rise as it goes from the now level lake bottom to the once higher bank where inhabited with caves.
The Grimes Point site is a part of a much larger archaeological complex, which includes a wide variety of materials, caves, shelters, and other archaeological sites. The site is located on what was once a shoreline of Pleistocene Lake Lahontan and is best known for the cupules, which are small pits dug out of the rock surface and found on hundreds of boulders in the area.
This site was the primary locality used by archaeologists Robert Heizer and Martin Baumhoff to define the “Pit and Groove Style” of rock art, which is thought by many to be the oldest type of rock art found in Nevada. It does share certain characteristics with other Great Basin rock art known to be of great antiquity called Great Basin Carved Abstract. Specifically, the depth of engraving and the width of the engraved lines are much greater than other rock art types that appear to be of more recent manufacture, a characteristic also noted elsewhere.