Corkscrew is a steel roller coaster built by Arrow Dynamics at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio, United States. When built in 1976, it was the first roller coaster in the World with 3 inversions.
Riders leave the station when the ride operator releases the pneumatic station brakes. The slight decline of the station allows the car to roll out down a small drop and around a declining 180 degree curve until the train reaches the chain lift. The lift operates at or near a speed of 5 mph (8.0 km/h) and ascends, at a 30 degree angle, an 85 foot (26 m) lift hill; then riders are dropped 65 feet (20 m) at a 45 degree angle, gaining speed up to 48 m.p.h (77 km/h). The next element is a bunny hop, so named for the quick rise and fall.
The end of this hill is lower than the beginning. It then goes through a vertical loop (Corkscrew opened only 8 days after the first modern coaster to feature a vertical loop, Revolution at Six Flags Magic Mountain). It then coasts up an incline. After a piece of flat track, the train curves around a 180 degree descending turn, heading into the twin corkscrews over the midway of the park. In the "eye" of the corkscrews, it is traveling at 38 mph (61 km/h). It completes these two corkscrew loops, comes through trim and block brakes, and coasts back into the station.
The ride is 2,050 feet (620 m) long, consisting of blue tubular steel track with a 48-inch (1,200 mm) separation between tubes, built on 5 acres (20,000 m2), rides for 1 minute and 40 seconds, and has three 24-passenger trains. Almost daily, a train is transferred off the track once ridership reaches a point that permits two-train operation with little or no waiting in line. A different train is cycled off each day. The ride was designed by Ron Toomer and built by Arrow Dynamics. The total cost of construction was $1.75 million, and the ride has had over 30 million total riders since opening in May 1976.
Manufacturer Arrow Dynamics
Designer Ron Toomer
Model Looping corkscrew roller coaster
Track layout Out and Back
Height 85 ft (26 m)
Drop 88 ft (27 m)
Length 2,050 ft (620 m)
Speed 48 mph (77 km/h)
Capacity 1800 riders per hour
Height restriction 4 ft 0 in (122 cm)
Trains 3 trains with 6 cars. Riders are arranged 2 across in 2 rows for a total of 24 riders per train.