Cornwall is a town in Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 1,434 at the 2000 census. In 1939 poet Mark Van Doren wrote "The Hills of Little Cornwall", a short poem in which the beauties of the countryside were portrayed as seductive: The town was also home to the Foreign Mission School. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.3square miles (120km2), of which, 46.0square miles (119km2) of it is land and 0.2square miles (0.52km2) of it (0.54%) is water. The town is located on the east bank of the Housatonic River and also contains a major portion of the Mohawk State Forest.