The Town of Nederland is a Statutory Town located near the Continental Divide and Barker Meadow Reservoir in the mountains of southwest Boulder County, Colorado. Nederland was established on November 15, 1885. The town started as a trading post between Ute Indians and European settlers during the 1850s. The town's first economic boom came when gold, silver, and tungsten ore were discovered near the rich mines of Caribou, in 1859 and near Eldora in 1875.
Today Nederland is better known as a gateway to outdoor recreation in the nearby Indian Peaks Wilderness, Rocky Mountain National Park, Roosevelt National Forest, and the recently established James Peak Wilderness. Nederland is located 17 miles southwest of Boulder, CO, 38 miles south of Estes Park, CO and 47 miles northwest of Denver.