Canby is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. The population was 15,829 at the 2010 census. It is located on Oregon Route 99E, two miles northeast of Barlow. As of the census of 2000, there were 12,790 people, 4,489 households, and 3,366 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,390.0 people per square mile (1,309.9/km²). There were 4,743 housing units at an average density of 1,257.1 per square mile (485.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.42% White, 0.47% African American, 0.77% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 7.47% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.52% of the population.