Rocky Mount is an All-America City Award-winning city in Edgecombe and Nash counties in the coastal plain of the state of North Carolina. Although it was not formally incorporated until February 28, 1867, the North Carolina community that became the city of Rocky Mount dates from the beginning of the 19th century, and the first post office in the area opened in 1816. In 1996, the town of Battleboro merged with the city of Rocky Mount. As of 2010, the city's population was 57,477, which makes Rocky Mount the 15th largest city in North Carolina.
Rocky Mount is the principal city of the Rocky Mount, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a population of 143,026, as of 2000, and which encompasses all of both Edgecombe and Nash counties. Rocky Mount is also a part of a Combined Statistical Area which encompasses both Rocky Mount and Wilson Metropolitan Areas. The Rocky Mount–Wilson CSA population is currently over 200,000 residents. The city is about 45 minutes away from the state capital, Raleigh.