Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University, also known as Alabama A&M University or AAMU, is a public, historically black university, land-grant university located in Normal, Madison County, Alabama, United States. AAMU is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund. Alabama A&M was originally established by an act of the Alabama State Legislature in 1873 as the State Normal School and University for the Education of the Colored Teachers and Students.
Peyton Finley introduced twin bills in the State Board of Education for the establishment of four "normal" schools for whites and four for blacks in 1875. In that same year, William Hooper Councill became founder of Alabama A&M University. By 1878, the state appropriation increased to $2,000 and the school changed its name to the State Normal and Industrial School. Industrial training began in 1883. In 1885, the name was changed to State Normal and Industrial School of Huntsville.