Vinnytsia is a city located on the banks of the Southern Bug, in central Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Vinnytsia Oblast. Vinnytsia is also known by a variety of other names, such as Vinnytsya, Vinnitsa (Russian: Винница), Vinnica (Polish: Winnica), German Winniza, and Romanian: Vinniţa. All of the variations of the city's name originate with the Slavic word for Vineyards, ultimately derived from Latin vīnea for the word vine. Some of these reflect names in foreign languages that have had historical influences on the city.
Vinnytsia is located about 260 km (160 mi) from the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, 429 km (267 mi) from the port city Odesa, and 369 km (229 mi) from L’viv. It is the administrative center of the Vinnytsia Oblast (province), as well as the administrative center of the surrounding Vinnytskyi Raion (district) within the oblast. The city itself is also designated as its own separate raion within the oblast, and rests in the historic region of Podillia.