Thorez is a city of oblast subordinance in Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine. Population - 72,346 (2001). Most residents living here are working in the mine industry, although now declining. In 1978 there were 97,000 residents in the city. Town was founded in 1778 as a small settlement at the confluence of the rivers Sevostyanivka and Orlova (Pool Mius) runaway serfs from different provinces. By 1800 in Sloboda Alekseevka founded by Lieutenant-General S. Leonov lived 225.
Since the 1860s - the centre of mining coal. Since the second half of the 19th century the settlement was called by the name of the owner Chistyakova estates - Taganrog merchant Chistyakove. In 1875, founded Chistyakovskoe Mining Company, in the north of the current Thorez then worked mines «Slant» and «Gallery», as well as Oleksiivs'ky Mining Company (since 1907 renamed the «Nadiya»). In 1909, in the mountainous area Chistyakovskom produced 4 700 thousand poods coal in 1916 - 76 800 thousand poods coal.