Nova Kakhovka is a city in the Kherson Oblast of southern Ukraine, recognized as the Monument of Architecture, and was part of the Great Construction Projects of Communism. It is designated as a separate raion (district) within the oblast, and is an important river port on Dnieper River and the Kakhovka Reservoir. It is also the site of the Tavria Games, (Ukrainian: Таврійські ігри, translit. Tavriys'ki ihry), the most popular annual international music festival in the region.
The current estimated population is around 52,611 (as of 2001), with an urban population of 75,392. Nova Kakhovka was founded on 28 February 1952, in the place where, from 1891, the village Klyucheve had existed. It was in direct proximity of the established dam of the Kakhovka hydroelectric power plant (1947–1948), and was built to house the plant's construction workers. Since its founding, the city has been called Nova Kakhovka, or New Kakhova, to distinguish from the city of Kakhovka located 15 km (9.3 mi) away.