Kalush is a city set in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is a separate municipality subordinate to the oblast, as well as the administrative centre of the surrounding Kalush Raion (district). Important local industries include food processing, clothing manufacture, chemicals, handicrafts, woodcarving, and concrete. The city is notorious for its bleaching products that locally became referred kalushanka.
The earliest known mention of Kalush is the accounting of a settlement of that name in a Halychyna chronicle dated May 27, 1437. Incorporated as a city in 1549 the city was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary and Second Polish Republic. In 1940, the Soviets forced Polish inhabitants of Kalush to leave the town and forcefully moved them to Siberia, where most of the Poles died.