Tataouine is a city located in southern Tunisia. It is the capital of the Tataouine Governorate. The below ground, "cave dwellings" of the native Berber population, designed for coolness and protection, render the city and the area around it a tourist and film makers attraction. The district is famous for its ksour (fortified Berber granaries) including the picturesque Ksar Ouled Soltane, Chenini and Douiret. These abandoned settlements feature beautiful vaulted adobe buildings, or ghorfas.
From 1892 to 1951, Tatouine was the garrison town of the French penal military unit known as the "Battalion of Light Infantry of Africa". On June 27, 1931, a meteorite of the rare achondrite type impacted at Tataouine; about 12 kg of fragments were found. The mineral of this meteorite was named Diogenite.