Located in the southwest of the governorate of Bizerte, Mateur is the county seat of a delegation of 57,562 inhabitants (2004) while its town counts 44,345 inhabitants divided in 8315 families and occupy 6800 accommodation according to the magazine edited by the municipality of Mateur (edition 2006). Concerning the etymological root of the name of the city, some people see a Latin origin : Matarensis would have been the name of an oppidum located on the site of Mateur during the ancient period. It is also known in different epochs under other names as Materense, Matarus, Matari, Mataris, Matar and Mataritanae. On the other hand, the Arabists see a rapprochement with the term of Matra (in the plural Amtar) which means "precipitation", referring to the rainfall level of the region.
This city, the first town council of which is installed on October 12, 1898, was considered to be an important strategical point during the Second World War. It is to note that the municipality of Mateur celebrated the 110th birthday during year 2008.