Songshan District is a district of Taipei, Taiwan. The name of the district is historically spelled Sungshan. The Songshan Airport and the Taipei Arena are located here.
Songshan was originally named Siah-khau (錫口; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Siah-kháu), which is the Taiwanese Hokkien pronunciation of a lowland Ketagalan word meaning "Where the river twists".
During Japanese rule (1895-1945) the area served as a prime tea-growing area in northern Taiwan. In 1920 the area's settlements were established as Matsuyama Village (松山庄; Mandarin Chinese: songshan zhuang, retroactively referred to as Songshan Village). The village was named after Matsuyama City (松山市) in Japan (see Taiwan under Japanese rule) and formed part of Shichisei-gun (Qixing District), Taihoku Prefecture (台北州七星郡). Matsuyama was incorporated into Taihoku (Taipei) City in 1938.
Ciyou Temple (慈祐宮 "Protected by the Kindness"), built in 1753, is dedicated to a dark-faced goddess Matsu.
Xiahai City Lord Temple (霞海城隍廟) was built in 1753.
Taipei City Lord Temple (台北府城隍廟) was built in 1926.