Commewijne River (Sranan Tongo: Kawina-liba) is a river in northern Suriname. It originates in the hills of the Commewijne District and flows northwards until it receives the meandering Cottica River from the right and then runs westward until it unites with the south-north running Suriname River at Nieuw Amsterdam. Here, after some 30 kilometres (19 mi) it enters the Atlantic Ocean. It has a river basin of 6,600 square kilometres (2,500 sq mi).
The Commewijne was important historically for navigation: huge barges with bauxite were transported from Moengo in the east to the confluence with the Surinam river and from there traveled southward via Paramaribo to the Paranam refinery. Floats with tropical hardwood were also brought to Paramaribo, the capital of Suriname. Nowadaystoday, the Moengo bauxite is depleted and the hardwood is mostly transported by trucks. There remains quite some boat trafficking with local residents and tourists. The Commewijne River was known in the 16th and 17th centuries as "Camaiwini" and "Cammawini". Today's name "Commewijne" is probably derived from Arawak words "kama" (tapir) and "wini" (water/river).