Shendi or Shandi is a town in northern Sudan, situated on the east bank of the Nile 150 km northeast of Khartoum. Shandi is also about 45 km southwest of the ancient city of Meroe. Located in the River Nile wilayah, Shandi is the center of the Ja'aliin tribe and an important historic trading center. Its principal suburb on the West Bank is Al-Matamma. A major traditional trade route across the Bayuda desert connects Al-Matamma to Marawi and Napata, 250 km to the northwest.
"The origin of the name of the town came from the Daju tribe which inhabited it after being forced to migrate south & south-westward after the fall of Meroé in A.D. 350 which had been invaded by the army of Ezana, king of Axum (Ethiopia). The word 'sugaŋdé' or 'chendé' means in the Daju language: 'a sheep' (See Browne, W. G. 1806); this indicates that they were herders who moved south & south-westward to Kordofan and Darfur looking for abundant pasture. The Ababda tribe of Bedouins settled there in the early 19th century. Johann Ludwig Burckhardt passed through on his way to the Red Sea in 1812, and Charles Rothschild discovered the plague vector flea Xenopsylla cheopis there in 1901."
Very basic services and infrastructure mean that Shendi exists mainly as a center for trade in agricultural goods from nearby farms. Regular power cuts mean that expansion of the economy into industry remains impossible at the present time. Tourism related activity from the nearby Meriotic ruins is minimal due to a lack of facilities within the town. There is poor or non-existent sanitation and a lack of running water in most homes and businesses.