Nyala (Daju: "the place of chatting or a theatre") is the capital of South Darfur state in the western part of the Sudan. Nyala is located at elevation 2,208 feet (673 m) in the Darfur historical region. Nyala was the headquarters of the Daju empire, which was established around Jebel Um-Kurdós, until the fall of the Daju rule at the end of the 15th century, according to an account of sultan Daju Kassi Furok or Kassifrogé who mounted the Antelope from Darfur then perished in Dar Sila.
When Great Britain conquered the present-day Sudan, the British Commander in Chief met Sultan Adam Suleiman in 1932, seeking his advice for his knowledge of the best places in terms of availability of water sources and land topography in order to establish the British Administration Headquarter in Darfur. Sultan Adam Suleiman had chosen Nyala city for that purpose. However, many sites of ancient antiquities, pottery, engraved pictures of battles, horses, animals and hunting are still awaiting for further scientific archaeological work at Jebel Daju (see also UNESCO General History of Africa, & Arckell, A.J. History of Darfur 1200-1700 A.D. SNR).
The most important archaeological sites undiscovered yet are Nari, Kedingnyir, Dobo, Simiat Hills, Jebel Keima, Kalokitting, Jebel Wara, and Jebel Marra itself. During the ongoing Darfur conflict, thousands of internally displaced persons have gathered near the city in the hopes of protection. The refugee camp in the southern portion of Nyala is Kalma.