conventionally known as Port Mahon in English, is a municipality and the capital of Minorca
, located in the eastern part of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands
. Mahon has the second deepest natural harbour in the World
: 5 km long and up to 900 metres wide. The water is deep but it remains mostly clear due to it being slightly enclosed.
Its population in 2009 was estimated to be 29,495 inhabitants.
Today it serves as the seat of the Island Council of Minorca (Consell Insular de Menorca).Towards the end of the 20th century, the renovation of its historic centre was made possible by income from tourism.A traditional cheese made on the island (formatge de Maó) is named after the city. Some believe that the origin and name of mayonnaise are found in this Minorcan city.In Spanish mahón is also the name of nankeen, especially the blue cloth.