Plaça de Catalunya (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈpɫasə ðə kətəˈɫuɲə], meaning in English "Catalonia Square"; sometimes referred to as Plaza de Cataluña, its Spanish name) is a large square in central Barcelona that is generally considered to be both its city centre and the place where the old city (see Barri Gòtic and Raval, in Ciutat Vella) and the 19th century-built Eixample meet.
Some of the city's most important streets and avenues meet at Plaça Catalunya: Passeig de Gràcia, Rambla de Catalunya, La Rambla or Portal de l'Àngel, in addition to Ronda de Sant Pere, Carrer de Vergara or Carrer de Pelai. The plaza occupies an area of about 50,000 square metres. It is especially known for its fountains and statues, its proximity to some of Barcelona's most popular attractions, and for the flocks of pigeons that gather in the centre.
Plaça Catalunya hosts quite a few interesting sculptures representative of Noucentisme, Neo-Classicism and different avantgarde movements.
- Deessa, by Josep Clarà.
- Pastor de Pau, by Pablo Gargallo.
- Francesc Macià monument. It reads: "Catalunya a Francesc Macià".
- Josep Llimona's sculptures.
The mosaics that decorate the walls of the underground part of Plaça Catalunya were designed by pupils of Escola Massana.
A few theatres have been established in Plaça Catalunya since its construction, none of which are extant.
- Teatre del Bon Retir (1876-1885)
- Circ Eqüestre Alegria (1879-1895)
- Eldorado Concert (1887-1929)
- Teatre Barcelona (1923-198-)
There still are, however, other theatres in the nearby area, located in other streets or squares.
Cafés and restaurants
Similarly, most of the cafés and restaurants where writers and artists would meet in the city haven't survived, with the notable exception of Café Zurich, where Fabiola of Belgium
's brother worked as a pianist. The following ones disappeared with the Spanish Civil War:
- Maison Dorée
- Café Colón
- La Lluna
- Cafè Suís
- El Corte Inglés
- El Triangle, containing a three-story fnac shop.
- H10 Catalunya Plaza
- Hotel Monegal
- Olivia Plaza Hotel: 4 stars hotel.
- Hotel Urquinaona Hotel Urquinaona