This town in the province of Jaen stands on a little promontory, dominating a landscape of olive trees, in the centre of the county of La Loma. Declared of historic and artistic importance, Baeza is home to an incredible legacy of Renaissance architecture;awarded the World Heritage designation by the UNESCO; where ornate carved stone mingles with traditional whitewashed houses. Set on the Andalusian Renaissance Route and the Nazarite Route, it is a wonderful place for touring the whole region and tasting its pure olive oil, focus of the Mediterranean diet.
Roman Vivatia and Hispano-Muslim Bayyasa were very important during the Middle Ages because of their strategic position. Situated between Castile and Andalusia, that is to say, between the Christian kingdoms and the Muslim powerbase, it was the site of battles and frontier skirmishes. It was Fernando III el Santo (the Saint) who reconquered it in 1227 and, from that time it became the spearhead for launching attacks against the Taifa Kingdoms, which is why it was given the name “Nest of Royal Sparrowhawks”. The 16th and 17th centuries were the period when the city enjoyed its greatest splendour, shown in its great Renaissance buildings.