Malakal is a city in South Sudan. The city of Malakal is located in Malakal County, Upper Nile State, in the northeast of South Sudan, close to the International borders with the Republic of Sudan and with Ethiopia. The town is located on the banks of the White Nile, just north of its confluence with the Sobat River.
This location lies approximately 650 kilometres (400 mi), by road, directly north of Juba, the capital of South Sudan and the largest city in that country. Malakal is the capital of the South Sudanese state of Upper Nile. It also serves as the headquarters of Malakal County, in which it is located.