The Soutpansberg, meaning "Salt Pan Mountain" in Afrikaans is a range of mountains in the far north of South Africa. It is located in Vhembe District, Limpopo.It is named for the salt pan located at its western end.The mountain range reaches the opposite extremity at Matikwa Nature Reserve, some 107 kilometres (66 mi) due east.
The Soutpansberg is part of the 'Vhembe Biosphere Reserve', named a biosphere reserve by UNESCO since 2009.The reserve includes also the Blouberg Range, the Kruger National Park, the Makgabeng Plateau, the Makuleke Wetlands and the Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape.
The mountain is intersected by two defiles, the Waterpoort in the west, containing the Sand River (Polokwane) and a railway line, and Wyllie's Poort, which allows N1 road traffic to pass from Louis Trichardt to Musina. Lajuma is the highest peak at 1,747 metres (5,732 ft). The Nzhelele River and its tributary the Mutamba, the Nwanedi River and its tributary the Luphephe River, as well as the Levubu River and its main tributaries, the Mutshindudi and Mutale Rivers, and the Letaba River rise in the slopes of the Soutpansberg Mountains.
In October 1898 the Boere returned to regain control over the territory. General Piet Joubert's commando occupied a strategic position over the Doorn River in preparation. In November, Mphefu's kraal suffered a three-pronged attack and his royal village was torched. Mphefu's clan fled across the Limpopo River to Zimbabwe.The farms Rietvlei and Bergvliet were set aside in 1898 for a new town, and Trichardtsdorp was proclaimed the next year, named in honour of Louis Tregardt. Today the town commemorates his full name, Louis Trichardt.
The Soutpansberg is known for a high level of endemism of its invertebrate fauna.The Soutpansberg Rock Lizard and the Soutpansberg Flat Lizard are named after this range.