Well known for its unique flora featuring over 1,000 plant species of which 200 are found only within this region, Cal Madow is a mountain range located in the northeastern parts of Somalia. Situated at an elevation of 7,907 feet above mean sea level, Cal Madow is a popular tourist destination of the country which was first discovered in the late 1980s. Although, having failed to develop a befitting tourism infrastructure, Cal Madow remains a well preserved habitat despite facing several risks for deforestation.
These dense mountain forests receiving additional precipitation in the form of fog and additional rains, also harbor some of the rarest and most localized endemic animal species within Somalia. Cal Madow is also known to contain large amounts of internationally valuable unexploited mineral deposits within its unique natural habitats. Displaying vital links with the Mediterranean region, lavender and locust bean have also been discovered within the Cal Madow highlands.