Strategically located along the sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea and the Coral Sea, the Solomon Islands archipelago are believed to be inhabited by the Melanesian people since 30,000 BC. Notorious for headhunting and cannibalism before the arrival of Europeans in 1568, Solomon Islands is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations presently practicing parliamentary democracy, however tending towards anarchy.
This archipelago is part of two distinct terrestrial eco-regions with soil qualities ranging from extremely rich volcanic to relatively infertile limestone. Dangerously over-exploited in the past, the present Solomon Islands economy largely depends upon exports of copra, palm-oil and fishing along with a growing tourism industry. Although hampered by a lack of proper touristic infrastructure, Solomon Islands, which display a wealth of marine life including dolphins and scuba diving sites, is now renegotiating its foreign obligations.