Winter Canal is a canal in Saint Petersburg, Russia, connecting Bolshaya Neva with Moika River in the vicinity of Winter Palace. The canal was dug in 1718–1719. Its length is only 228 metres, which makes it one of the shortest canals in the city. The width is about 20 metres.
The granite embankment was built in 1782–84, and railings designed by sculptor I.F.Dunker were added at the same time. The special picturesqueness to the canal is added by the arch connecting Old Hermitage and Hermitage Theater, built by architect Yury Felten next to the Hermitage Bridge.
Originally the canal was named Old Palace Canal (Russian: Старый Дворцовый канал). From 1780 it was called either Winter House Canal (Russian: Зимнедомский) or Winter Palace Canal (Russian: Зимнедворцовый). Townspeople started to call it simply Russian: Зимний канал (meaning Winter Canal), and in 1828 the canal was officially renamed to its current name – Winter Canal (pronounced in Russian as Zimnyaya Kanavka, literally meaning Winter Groove).
There are three bridges across Winter Canal: