The Naga City (Bikol: Ciudad nin Naga, Maogmang Naga; Filipino: Lungsod ng Naga) is an Independent Component city in the Bicol Region of the Philippines. The town was established in 1575 on order of Spanish Governor-General Francisco de Sande, the city, then named Ciudad de Nueva Caceres (New Caceres City), earned its status as the third Spanish royal city in the Philippine islands, after Cebu and Manila.
Residents of the city are called Nagueños. The City is also known as: the Queen City of Bicol;as the Heart of Bicol due to its central location in the Bicol peninsula; and as the Pilgrim City because Naga is also home to the largest Marian pilgrimage in Asia, the Our Lady of Penafrancia. Naga is also the place of massive industries, and large international companies due to its high rate of progression through the years that pass. Naga City is also the cultural center of Bicol because of large convention centers, and most cultural food, festivals, and poetry are located in the city.
Naga is also known as a premier city in Bicol. The city is also the seat of the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Caceres, whose jurisdiction includes all the suffragan sees of Bicol, the Dioceses of Daet, Legazpi, Libmanan, Masbate, Sorsogon, and Virac. Moreover, the city is also the seat of the widely venerated Our Lady of Peñafrancia, the Patroness of Bicol. The image is one of the most popular objects of devotion in the country. Naga is at the core of Metro Naga, an official designation given the city and 14 municipalities in the area administered by the Metro Naga Development Council. MNDC covers the entire 2nd district of the province of Camarines Sur, and part of its 1st, 3rd and 4th districts.
Naga is the home of the second largest coliseum in the Philippines, the Jesse M. Robredo Coliseum or Naga City Coliseum. Naga City per se generally refers to Naga City, Camarines Sur, as it became quite confusing especially for Cebuanos and nearby towns, since there is also a city in Cebu named Naga City, which is dubbed as the industrial city of Naga.