Mounts Iglit-Baco National Park is a protected area of the Philippines and an ASEAN Heritage Park located in Mindoro Island in central Philippines. The park covers an area of 75,445 hectares surrounding Mount Iglit and Mount Baco in the central interior of Mindoro. The park was established in 1970 by virtue of Republic Act No. 6148. In 2003, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations listed it as one of its four heritage parks in the Philippines. The park has also been nominated in the Tentative List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The park is the habitat of the endemic Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis), a small, hoofed mammal of the Bovid species unique to the Philippines. It is one of the most seriously endangered animals in the world. It was for this reason that the park was established, first as a game refuge and bird sanctuary in 1969 with an initial area of 8,956 hectares, then as a national park increasing its size a year later.
Other flora and fauna
Apart from the tamaraw, other forms of wildlife are also found within the park including the Mindoro Climbing Rat, Philippine deer, and wild pigs. A number of bird species also inhabit the park like the Mindoro Imperial Pigeon, Mindoro Scops Owl, Black-hooped Coucal, Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker and Heart Pigeon. Some of the important indigenous plants found in the park are the Kalantas tree, Tindalo, Almaciga, Kamagong and Jade vine.