The Temple of the Moon is an Incan ceremonial temple on Huayna Picchu
near Machu Picchu
, in Peru
. The site is made up of stone masonry and an open-face, shallow cave. The temple is arbitrarily named, like many of the sites in Machu Picchu.In the center of the cave is a throne carved out of rock. Beside the throne are steps that lead deeper into the cave.It is thought that the caves were used to hold mummies.
The Temple of the Moon dates back 1500 years It was rediscovered in 1936. It lies 1,280 feet (390 meters) below the summit on the north side of Huayna Picchu.The Temple of the Moon consists of three structural components: an overhanging cave with superb stonework, a very tall double-jamb doorway beyond, and farther beyond, several structures including one that again uses a cave.
The stone work in the Temple is said to contain the three planes of the Incan religion to be depicted: the Hanan Pacha (the heavens, or World
of above), the Kay Pacha (the earth, or physical life), and the Ukju Pacha (the underworld, or world of below), represented respectively by the condor, the puma, and the snake.
The temple also boasts niches and fake doors inserted in the stones, with an enormous 8 meter high by 6 meter wide entrance. The premises are rectangular with the rocks of the mountains as walls. Its three doors are 1.60 meters high (in the front) and 1.00 m high (at the sides). Inside, there are six trapezoidal niches.
The trail that leads from the summit of Huayna Picchu to the Temple and the Great Cave is very exposed and can be quite slippery. A few spots have a steel handrail cable (a via ferrata), but a fall in many places would have severe results. The trail that leads off from the main Huayna Picchu trail near the saddle is easier and safer, but still presents hazards. Expect at least a 45 minute walk in each direction from this lower trail, and at least an hour from the summit down the alternate trail to the ruins, plus the 45 minute walk back uphill and to the main trail.