Caraz is a town in the Caraz District in the southeastern part of Huaylas Province of the Ancash Region in Peru. Recent investigations propose that its political creation was dated on 12 February 1821, when Grl. San Martín, while staying in Huaura (village north from Lima) founded 4 Departments, including Huaylas as one of them, with its capital, the city of Caraz. Later on 1857, it was split in two, giving birth to the new young Province of Huaraz. The District of Caraz was created by the Administration of Liberation of Don Simón Bolivar, legitimized by law on December 29, 1857, and sanctioned a year later.