Taunggyi is the capital of Shan State, Myanmar. Taunggyi has an estimated population of 205,000 As of 2010, making it the fifth largest city in Myanmar (behind Mawlamyine), and is at an elevation of 4,712 feet (1,436 m) above sea level. The name Taunggyi means "big mountain". Locally this spur is popularly known as Phaya Taung. The ridge has a more prominent and more popular feature known as Chauk Talone, meaning the Craigs.
Although within the Shan State, the Shans are not the predominant population of this city. The Inthas and the Pa-Ohs, who are also the original inhabitants of the Shan Plateau, form the most visible population. They however are culturally and linguistically different from the Shan. Recently there has been a flood of Chinese immigrants. Taunggyi lies within the Myelat region of Shan State.