Nampula is a province of northern Mozambique. It has an area of 79,010 sq km and a population of 3,985,613 (2007 census). Nampula is the capital of the province.
Under Portuguese rule this province was named Mocambique but with independence, the name Mozambique was used for the entire country and the province renamed for its capital. The island, Ilha de Mocambique, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. Massive refugee movements due to 15 years of civil war have destroyed a unique coexistence of many cultures on this island.