Kyzylorda formerly known as Kzyl-Orda is a city in Kazakhstan, capital of Kyzylorda Province. The city has a population of 157,400 (1999 census). The Syr Darya river passes through the city.Kyzylorda region is one of the historical centers of the Silk Road. The tourist centers organize tourist trips on this route, which includes historical places of the cities Sauran and Shyganak.
Kyzylorda was founded in 1820 as a Kokand fortress of Ak-Mechet (also spelt Aq Masjid, Aq Mechet, 'white mosque').The name of the city is translated as "Red Center" from the Kazakh "Қызыл" which means red and "орда"' which means center or capital city.Kyzylorda is also known for its rice production. There are many hundreds of hectares of rice grown in the area and at least two rice mills operate in the city.