Astana, formerly known as Akmola, Tselinograd and Akmolinsk, is the capital and second largest city (after Almaty) of Kazakhstan. is located in central Kazakhstan on the Ishim River in a very flat, semi-arid steppe region which covers most of the country's territory. Astana is in a spacious steppe landscape, in the transitional area between the north of Kazakhstan and the extremely thinly settled national center, because of the river Ishim.
Bayterek is the most famous landmark in Astana. The legend behind this tower as a symbol is that it represents a poplar tree, where the magic bird Samruk laid its egg. In the sphere on the top of Bayterek there is an imprint of president Nursultan Nazarbayev's hand. This city is home to several museums such as Presidential Center of Culture , Kabanbai Batyr Mausoleum , and The S. Seifullin Museum. In the centre of town, the Avenue of the Republic acts as the main hub of activity. It is bordered by many stores, coffee houses, restaurants, nightclubs and some casinos.Green water boulevard also called as "the shining path"is the national Boulevard of Kazakhstan located in Astana.