Shibuya Station (渋谷駅, Shibuya-eki) is a railway station in Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan, operated jointly by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), Keio Corporation, Tokyu Corporation, and Tokyo Metro. With 2.4 million passengers on an average weekday in 2004, it is the fourth-busiest commuter rail station in Japan (after Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, and Ōsaka / Umeda) handling a large amount of commuter traffic between the center city and suburbs to the south and west.
The main station building is occupied by a Tokyu department store. The Tokyo Metro Ginza Line, originally built and operated by a Tokyu keiretsu company, uses platforms on the third floor. The JR lines and Tokyu Toyoko Line used parallel platforms on the second floor until March 2013 when the Toyoko Line moved to underground. The Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line and Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line share platforms underground, and the Keio Inokashira Line uses platforms on the second floor of the Shibuya Mark City building to the west of the main station complex. The Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line, opened in 2008 is located on the fifth basement under Meiji Street, to the east of the Toyoko Line station. The Toyoko Line was connected to the Fukutoshin Line station to allow through service between the two lines starting in 16 March 2013.
There are six exits from the main JR/Tokyu/Tokyo Metro complex. The Hachikō Exit (ハチ公口, Hachikō-guchi) on the west side, named for the nearby statue of the dog Hachikō and adjacent to Shibuya's famous scramble crossing, is a particularly popular meeting spot. The Tamagawa Exit (玉川口, Tamagawa-guchi) on the west side leads to the Keiō Inokashira Line station.