Nara is the capital city of Nara Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture, directly bordering Kyoto Prefecture. Eight temples, shrines and ruins in Nara, specifically Tdai-ji, Saidai-ji, Kfuku-ji, Kasuga Shrine, Gang-ji, Yakushi-ji, Tshdai-ji and the Heij Palace remains, together with Kasugayama Primeval Forest, collectively form "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara", a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Nara was the capital of Japan from 710 to 794, lending its name to the Nara period. According to the ancient Japanese book Nihon Shoki, the name "Nara" derived from the Japanese word narashita meaning "made flat". The temples of Nara remained powerful even beyond the move of the political capital to Heian-ky in 794, thus giving Nara a synonym of Nanto (, "The Southern Capital").