Mount Kita (北岳 Kita-dake?) is the second tallest mountain in Japan, after Mount Fuji, and is known as "the Leader of the Southern Alps". It is included in the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains. It is situated in the city of Minami-Alps, Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. It is part of the Akaishi Mountains, which are known as the "Southern Alps" (南アルプス Minami-Arupusu).
The Kitadake Buttress (北岳バットレス Kita-dake Battoresu?) is a 600 m (1,969 ft) tall rock face on the eastern side of the mountain. Alpine plants grow abundantly, especially on the mountain's southeastern slope along the route to Mount Nakashirane (中白峰山 Nakashirane-san?) and along the Kusasuberi (草すべり kusasuberi?) and Migimata (右俣 migimata?) courses along Shiraneo Pond (白根御池 Shiraneo-ike?) on the mountain's northern side. Large clusters of plants can be seen from huts near the top. The species Callianthemum hondoense (キタダケソウ kitadakesō?) is endemic to this mountain.
The mountain area around Mount Kita is one of the most popular in Japan, reputedly second only to the Mount Yari and Mount Hotaka area. Access points for climbing are at Hirogawara (広河原?) to the east and Ryōmata (両俣?) to the west; however, most people choose to climb from Hirogawara, where facilities are better. Two mountain huts near the top provide accommodation for up to 150 people and there are campground facilities nearby.
There are three main access routes to the summit of Mount Kita. The first starts out in Hirogawara and follows the Ōkanbazawa River (大樺沢 Ōkanbazawa-gawa?) up through the Daisekkei Valley (大雪渓 Daisekkei?). Another route leaves the river valley earlier and emerges from the forest at Shiraneoike-Kusasuberi. A third trail runs from Ryōmata at the trail head near Nakashiranezawa (中白根沢 nakashiranezawa?) to the summit of the mountain.
From the summit, a trail runs along the ridge via Nakashiranesan to Mount Aino, Mount Nishinōtori (西農鳥岳 Nishinōtori-dake?), Mount Nōtori, and continues further south. An alternate route, (Ikeayama-tsurione (池山吊?)), has been built, which connects the viewing platform at Jusenzan (鷲住山?) to the summit, via the head at Bōkonzawa (ボーコン沢?). This approach is not very popular, except in winter, when the path gets greater use. Kitadake Buttress is a classic route for free climbing in Japan.
The main mountain huts in the vicinity of Mount Kita are the Kitadakekatano Hut (北岳肩ノ小屋 Kitadakekata no Koya?), the Kitadake Mountain Cottage (北岳山荘 Kitadake Sansō?), the Shiraneoike Hut (白根御池小屋 Shiraneoike Koya?) and the Ryōmata Hut (両俣小屋 Ryōmata Koya?).