Misawa is a city located in eastern Aomori Prefecture in the Thoku region of Japan. As of 2009, the city had an estimated population of 42,399 and a density of 353 persons per Square kilometers. Its total area was 119.97 Square kilometers. Misawa is the location of a large military base, Misawa Air Base, which is under joint operation of the United States Air Force's 35th Fighter Wing, and Japan Air Self-Defense Force's 3rd Fighter Wing. It is also an important US base for signals intelligence and related activities. The city population figures do not include the estimated 10,000 American military personnel and their dependents stationed at Misawa Air Base. The nearest city of any size is Hachinohe which is 30 to 40 minutes away by car. The surrounding area is mostly rural and quite scenic. There is some limited nightlife, mostly concentrated around the American air base nearby. Tokyo is an hour away by air, about 3 and a half hours by train, and about 1012 hours by car.