Gunma University (Gunma daigaku), abbreviated to Gundai, is a national university in Japan. The main campus is located in Aramaki-machi, Maebashi City, Gunma Prefecture. Gunma University was established in 1949 by integrating the national colleges in Gunma Prefecture: Maebashi College of Medical Science (Maebashi ika daigaku), Kiryu Technical College (Kiryū kōgyō semmon gakkō), Gunma Normal School (Gunma shihan gakkō) and Gunma Youth Normal School (Gunma seinen shihan gakkō).
Maebashi College of Medical Science was founded in 1943 as Maebashi Medical College a men's college [age 17-21 or above]) to meet the growing need of doctors during World War II. In 1948, after the war, the college was reorganized into Maebashi College of Medical Science, a four-year daigaku (age 19-23 or above). In 1949 the college was merged into Gunma University to constitute the Faculty of Medicine. The campus was located in Showa-machi, Maebashi (GU Showa Campus today).