Fukui is the capital of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. The city is located in the north-central part of the prefecture on the coast of the Sea of Japan. As of November 1, 2009, the city has an estimated population of 267,428 and a density of 499 persons per Square kilometer. The total area is 536.17 Square kilometers. Most of the population lives in a small central area; the city limits include rural plains, mountainous areas, and suburban sprawl along the Route 8 by-pass. Fukui was devastated by Allied bombing in 1945, and again by a major earthquake in 1948. The city has regained its energy and vitality. Hence, the city's official symbolthe phoenix.