The Via dei Fori Imperiali (formerly Via dell'Impero) is a road in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, that runs in a straight line from the Piazza Venezia to the Colosseum. Its course takes it over parts of the Forum of Trajan, Forum of Augustus and Forum of Nerva, parts of which can be seen on both sides of the road. Since the 1990s, there has been a great deal of archeological excavation on both sides of the road, as significant Imperial Roman relics remain to be found underneath it.
The Via dei Fori Imperiali was built by order of the Fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini, from 1924-1932. The original name of the road was the Via dell'Impero. Mussolini, on horseback, cut the ribbon opening the road on April 9, 1932 and led a military parade with veterans of World War I. After the end of World War II, the road was renamed to its present name. Each year on June 2 it hosts a parade in celebration of the founding of the modern Italian Republic.