The Tirthesvara Siva temple is a Hindu template located in Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa, India. It is located in Talabazar road, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. It is situated on the left side of road leading from Bindusagar to Lingaraja Temple. The temple is facing towards west. The enshrining deity is a Siva lingam within a circular Yonipitha which is located at a depth of 0.94 metres below the door level. It is a living temple.
The architectural features of the temple resembles with the Ganga period so it is believed that it was established in 14th century A.D. It is owned by multiple private parties. It is looked after by a committee of Talabazar under the leadership of Deven Samantaray and Govinda Samantaray. They lived in Talabazar, Old Town,Bhubaneswar.
This is a temple building having a vimana and a jaga mohan subtype. Vimana is a rekha deul while jagamohana is a pidha deul.
- Surrounding: The temple is surrounded by private residential buildings on three sides of east, north and south and the Tala bazaar road in the west.
- Orientation: The temple is facing towards west.
- Architectural Features (Plan & Elevation): On plan, the temple has a vimana and a jagamohana. The vimana measures 4.30 square metres, Jagamohana 3.40 metres in length and 4.15 metres in breadth and ganthiala 0.36 metres. The sanctum measures 2.03 sq mt. The pabhaga of the vimana have been buried from all the sides. The vimana has panchanga bada. Talajangha measures 0.66 metres, bandhana 0.21 metres, upara jangha 0.65 metres and baranda 0.49 metres and gandi measures 5.30mts. The mastaka is 2.00 metres. The jagamohana which is a later addition has a trianga bada. Visible parts of pabhaga measure 0.20 metres jangha 1.30 metres, baranda 0.38 metres, Gandi 1.30 metres and mastaka measures 0.98 metres. Gandi of the vimana distinguished by central raha and pair of anuratha and kanika paga are on either side of raha. The temple is plain because of the lime plaster on all over the walls which have been finished by a red wash.
- Raha Niche & Parsva Devatas: The raha niches on three sides measure 0.66mts in height, 0.43mts in width and 0.23 metres in depth respectively, surmounted by a khakhara mundis. All the three niches are empty.
- Decorative Features: Door Jamb: The doorjambs of the vimana measures 1.98 metres in height and 1.30 metres in width. At the base there are dvarapala niches with khakhara mundi that enshrine two Saiva dvarapalas standing in flexed position holding a trident in left and sword in right hands.
- Lintel: The graha architrave that measures 2.05 metres in length and 0.30 metres in width have nine grahas are flanked by two atlantid ganas on both the sides. In the lalatabimba niche (0.28 metres x 0.19 metres.) there is a Gajalaxmi.
- Building material: It is made up off fine grained ochrous sand stone.
- Construction Techniques: Dry masonry type of construction technique was used.
- Style: Kalingan style.
Growth of trees and other vegetation on the superstructure, particularly on the mastaka of the temple create problem to the monument. The roots and rootlets of the trees are expanding the gaps between the joints of the dry stone masonry and facilitating seepage of rain water in to the sanctum. Pipal trees on the superstructure endanger the monument. Growth of vegetation on the structure shows the signs of distress. The temple is buried up to the pabhaga portion.
It has cultural significance like Various religious functions like Sankranti, Shiva chatrudarshi, Samabar jalabhisekha, Dahana- chori are observed.