Thanjavur rose to glory during the later Chola period between the 9th and 14th centuries A.D. It also flourished later during the rule of the Nayaks and Marathas. The headquarters of this district has the same name as the district. It has been the treasure house of art for centuries. It is called the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu. Thanjavur is well-known throughout the World for being the home of the Brahadeeswara Temple, the magnificent palace, Raja Serfoji's Memorial, Saraswathi Mahal Library, Art Gallery and also for its exquisite handicrafts like Art Plate, pithwork, bronze icons, Thanjavur paintings and the classical South Indian musical instruments.
By Air - The nearest Airport Thiruchirapalli is 55 kms. Indian Airlines and Air Lanka operate flights to Sri Lanka. Indian Airlines also connects Thiruchi with Madurai and Chennai directly.
By Bus - Thanjavur is connected with all major cities. Regular Bus Service connects all places of interest in and around Thanjavur. Autorickshaws, Cycle-rickshaws and taxis are available.
By Rail - Thanjavur is connected by rail with Thiruchi, Madurai, Nagore and Chennai directly.