Tezpur is a city and the administrative headquarters and municipal board of Sonitpur district in the state of Assam in northeastern India. Tezpur is an ancient city on the banks of the river Brahmaputra and is the largest of the north bank towns with a population exceeding 100,000. It is situated 175 kilometres (109 mt) north east of Guwahati, the fifth largest city of Assam, considered to be the "Cultural Capital of Assam".
The rivers in and around Tezpur are very fast flowing ones, especially towards the Himalayas foothills. The town is situated beside the river Brahmaputra. Tezpur has a number of small hillocks, so that flooding doesn't occur during the monsoons.
Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, the town has produced many stalwarts such as Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903-51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909-69), Phani Sarma (1909-70) and Ananda Chandra Agarwala (1874-1939).
Climate And Economy:
- Bihu Dance: It is a group dance of both males and females.
- Jhumur: It is performed by the baganias to the rhythm of drums and flutes.
- Bagurumba: It is a Bodo folk dance.
- Sattriya: It is one of the famous dances among the eight principal classical dance traditions of India. It was created 500 years ago by the great Assamese saint Srimanta Sankardeva.
Tezpur has mild winters and extremely hot summers. Due to high humidity the summer can be highly uncomfortable. Rainfall is typically high. The economy of Tezpur is dependent on its Tea Gardens
. There are many tea gardens surrounding the town of Tezpur. The surrounding tea gardens and agriculture contribute to the local economy. Presently Tezpur is a commercial, administrative and educational centre. It also houses a major base of the Indian Army and Airforce (Salonibari). The population is largely heterogeneous. Assamese, Bengali, Nepali, Bihari, Marwari communities form the majority. People from various tribes such as the tea-tribes, Bodos, Mishings etc. have also made it their home. Like other places in Assam, the issue of illegal migration from Bangladesh
adds religious spice to the regular political debates and name-calling. Passing through Tezpur, at Dadhara the Jyoti-Bishnu khelpathar is an important attraction. The field belongs to Pradip Sarmah of BamunChuburi. The fields are used for various cultural events.
Nearby Areas Of Interest:
- Agnigarh - Also Usha-Aniruddha Udyan
- Bhairabi Temple - Durga shrine also known as Maithan or Bhairabi Devalaya
- Cole Park - Also known as Chitralekha Udyan
- Kolia Bhomora Setu - The 3.015 km long road bridge across the Brahmaputra
- Ketakeshwar Dewal - Shiva shrine
- Mahabhairav Temple - Shiva shrine
- Padum Pukhuri - Central lake with an island in the middle
- Rudrapath - Shiva shrine
- Bamuni Pahar
- Da Parbatia Gate of Gupta period
- Hazara pukhuri- Pond of gupta period
- Nag Shankar- Temple of lord Shiva
- From Tezpur by road Tawang (12 Hrs)/Bomdila (5 Hrs)/Kaziranga National Park (40 km)/Orang National Park (56.5 km)/ Nameri National Park (43 km) are very easily accessible.
- For Orchid lovers the Orchid sanctuary nearby i.e. Bhalukpung will be a bonus point for the hundreds of orchid varieties that are cultivated there.
- PAKKE (a Tiger sanctuary) and EAGLENEST (a birding point) are also nearby.
- Moreover the Jiya Bharali River is an anglers' delight as angling/water rafting are allowed during winter seasons.
- Chariduar also hosts a number of Tourist Lodges amidst the tea gardens.
- ECO camps are also present in Bhalukpung/Nameri .
Tezpur is located 190 kilometres (120 mt) from Dispur
, the capital of Assam, and is well connected by both air and road transport. There are direct flights from Kolkata three times a week to Saloni, 8 kilometres (5 mt) from the city centre, and there is a daily bus service from Guwahati, 180 kilometres (110 mt) away, operated by both government and tourist buses. From Tezpur, tourist vehicles are available for hire for the nearby destinations of Bhalukpong and the Kaziranga National Park. In 1987 the Kolia Bhomora Setu, over the Brahmaputra, was inaugurated connecting Tezpur to the southern district of Nagaon
. The bridge is the longest over the river, spans a total length of 3,015 metres (3,297 yd), and has become a tourist attraction.