Tira Sujanpur is a town and a nagar panchayat in Hamirpur district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It has an average elevation of 562 metres (1,844 feet). Climate here varies all through from very hot summer to cold winter. Being on the bank of River Beas, the winter is quite severe. The temperature vary from 38Deg C in summers to almost zero Deg C in winters. Winters experience low lying clouds which add to the cold weather and one can enjoy walking amidst the clouds.
Tira Sujanpur is also called Sujanpur Tira or Sujanpur Tihra located on the bank of River Beas. It is a beautiful town inhabited by Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch who was the King of Kangra and later shifted from Kangra to Sujanpur Tira after the war with Muslim kings who wanted to capture Kangra Fort. Maharaja Sansar Chand constructed his palaces, temples and courts (called Baradari) on the peak of hillock called Tira overlooking Sujanpur's famous Chaugan, hence the name of the town is Sujanpur Tira.
In the middle of this beautiful town there is one square kilometer green ground popularly called in Pahari language 'Chaugan' (which remains green throughout the year). Now part of the ground is occupied by the Sanik School. The ground is a meeting place for most of the town people, ladies, men, children for evening walk and for playing all types of games. Most famous Holi fair also takes place on this ground which lasts almost 2–3 weeks during the month of March.
History of Kangra and Sujanpurtira:
Sujanpur bears its name from Sajjanpur, which means the town of honest and gentle people. Tira was later added as Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch moved his capital from Kangra to this place and added more palaces, temples, courts and fort at the top of the hill ‘Tira’. Katoch have been kings for time immemorial and their dynasty can be traced back to 4300BC when Rajanaka Bhumi Chand founded the Katoch Dynasty. They claimed to have fought against Lord Rama in 3000BC and Raja Susrma Chandra fought against Pandavas during the Mahabharta War in 1500BC. He also built the Kangra Fort.
Temples of Sujanpur Tira:
Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch built large palaces and temples. Some of the temples are a piece of great architecture and Kangra paintings. Murlimanohar ( now known as Bansiwala) temple stands on the left side of the ground (Chowgan); Narvadeshwar temple dedicated to Shiva- Parvti Is full of great paintings inside the walls overlooking the bank of river Beas. It is surrounded by 8ft high wall with passage all around. Another temple is Thakardwara not to speak of smaller temples. The temples were built 1790 AD and 1823 AD by Maharani Pransani Devi-Suketi Rani of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch. Maharaja Sansar Chand also built Chamunda Devi Temple within the premises of the palace which still exists.The people of Sujanpurtira are very religious-minded and are the staunch believer of Indian Gods.
The lavish decoration of Baradari and palaces were surrounded by green gardens. At the entry of Baradari there was Ashtdhtu statue of Lord Shiva placed with colorful décor. The famous Holi festival was celebrated with lot of pomp and show which has become a tradition now and every year for 3–4 weeks during the month of March Holi fair takes place in this ground. Some of the photos will elaborate it. Other festivals like Diwali, Lohri, Shivratri, Janamashtami Baisakhi, Basant Panchami and many others are also celebrated with great zeal and zest by the people. They all live as one community and help each other. Community feeling is very well imbibed in the mind of people as also the feeling of being Sujanpurian.