Sahebganj (also spelt as Sahibganj) is the district headquarters of Sahebganj district of Jharkhand state, India. Sahebganj means a place (ganj) of masters (sahebs or sahibs).
The place is likely to have got its name because a number of English and other European people lived and worked in and around the railway station during the British Raj. Nevertheless, the district has remained inhabited by tribal people since the time immemorial. The town is cosmopolition with people from Bihar, Bengal, Jharkhand and refugees from Bangladesh and Pakistan. As of 2011[update] India census, Sahebganj had a population of 1,150,038. Males constitute 51.33% of the population and females 48.66%. Sahibganj has an average literacy rate of 53%, Lower than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 62.65%, and female literacy is 44.31%. In Sahibganj, 18.8% of the population is under 6 years of age.