Roing is a district headquarter of Lower Dibang Valley district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
As of 2001 India census, Roing had a population of 10,106. Males constitute 57% of the population and females 43%. Roing has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 66%. In Roing, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Both Mishmi and Adi (Padam) tribemen form the principal indigenious dwellers of Roing. Mehao wild life sanctuary, Sally lake, Mehao lake and Mayudia mountain pass remain covered with snow during peak winter. The town, located at the foothill of the Mishmi Hill, is lively with friendly people. Reh festival of Mishmi is celebrated in the month of February 1 while Solung festival of Adis in September 1 every year with great joy. Towards the north flows the river Eze that swells in summer causing a great concern to the town's future. Bridges over it had been repeatedly washed away draining Government's exchequer. Towards the south and east are the villages of Adi that extend to Assamese border. The town is the only commercial centre for both Upper and Lower Dibang Valley Districts.
Unlike other rough terrain towns of Arunachal, Roing is quite plain with a lot of land for farming and cultivation. Roing is connected to Tinsukia, a major town of Assam, separated by the Brahmaputra river which is the major route. During summer floods the river takes a three hour journey via ferry-boat which is quite an experience to have. Another route is via Tezu-Chowkham-Namsai again connecting to Tinsukia which is an all season road link due to the bridge over Lohit at Parshuram-kund and another one at Namsai.
The Roing Bazaar is the market where most residents buy and sell supplies and food. The proposed highway of the Special Accelerated Road Development Programme (SARDP) will run through the bazaar, possibly increasing customers.