Padanilam is a small town located near Nooranad in the Alappuzha district of Kerala. The word Padanilam means "land of war" (pada means "war" and nilam means "land"). It is located on the banks of river Achankovil. The Padanilam temple is one of the important centres of worship in Kerala. The place witnessed war between the Kayamkulam kingdom and the Pandalam kingdom. The Nooranad Grama Panchayath office is situated in Padanilam.
Padanilam Temple and its surroundings witnessed many historical wars. Once there was a war between the south and the north. During the war,many soldiers of both the sides died in large numbers. They were buried in the chira near the temple. Even from very earlier times, this temple is a blessing for the people in the surrounding areas. Nooranad Padanilam has a history of an intense war. The origin of war was the border conflict between two erstwhile kingdoms, northern & southern. One side consisted of Noorukodi Unnithans & Kadackal Karuppans & the other Vettathasaans & Velladickal Karuppans. The first war is believed to have occurred between Marthanda varma King on one side & Kayamkulam King on the other.
The common people started worrying about the devastation of the war & approached the Pazhoor Panamana Thampuran to find a solution to end the war. He tried to intervene but warring parties were not in a position to stop. He made a tent in the Eastern part of the temple and started a fast unto death. But that also did not deter the warring parties. But when he was on the verge of death due to the fast, they fearing the Brahmanasaapam, agreed to stop war. They demarcated the boundary in North-South direction and stopped the war in the name of Parabrahma, the presiding deity of the temple.
Sivarathri is the main festival in the temp. Thousands come to temple that day to see the kaavadiyattam for Lord Subrahmanyan in the morning. Kaavady from ll parts of the area come separately and meets at the temple.On that evening,there is a kettulsavam, which is the most spectacular sight of the festival. Kettulsavam from 13 distinct areas of the village come to the temple at around 4 PM. The rituals & programmes end only at midnight. It is a superb grand affair. The Kettukazhcha or Kalakettu ritual is one of the hallmarks of the temple. The tall, colorful effigies of bulls (signifying Nandi, the bull vehicle of Lord Shiva) are pulled on wooden chariots (rathams).
How To Reach Padanilam:
Padanilam is situated on Para-Edapppon-Pandalam road. It is about 17 km away from Kayamkulam Town and about 7 km from Pandalam Town. There are many private and KSRTC buses that run along this route. The buses through Padanilam are plying from the private and KSRTC bus stands of Kayamkulam and Pandalam. There are buses from Pandalam, Kayamkulam, Pathanamthitta, Konni, Mavelikkara, Oachira, Karunagapally, etc., passing through Padanilam. Padanilam is situated on the Kayamkulam-Kattanam-Vetticaud-Charummood-Padanilam-Edappon-Pandalam-Pathanamthitta bus route.
Festivals conducted in Padanilam Temple are:
- Vrischika Mahotsavam
It is the headquarters of Nooranad. The village is famous for its beautiful agricultural fields like Karingalichaal Puncha and Peruvelichal Puncha. Different varieties of birds can be found in this area. Because of this, Nooranad is known as the Pakshigraamam, meaning "village of birds" And famous Sree Buddha Engineering College situated in this village. Padanilam Parabrahma Temple
is located in the heart of Padanilam town.
Nearby Churches And Temples:
- Padanilam Parabrahma Temple, Padanilam Central
- Vadakkidathukaavu Devi Temple, Kidangayam
- Pallimukkom Devi Temple, Pattoor
- Kokkaatt Devi Temple, Naduvilemuri
- Muthukaattukara Devi Temple, Muthukaatukara
- Earezhathukaavu Devi Temple, Naduvilemuri
- Amabalathinaal Devi Temple, Edakkunnam
- Gurunaathankaavu Ardhanaareeswara Temple, Edappon
- Noorukodi Devi Temple, Palamel
- Plaakkodu Vaishnava Durga Temple, Powerhouse
- Sreedharma Shastha temple Palamel-Kidangayam
- Kannancheri Tharayil Mahavishnu Temple, Thathammunna
- St. Thomas Syrian Orthodox Church
- St.Fathimamatha Catholic Church, Kidangayam
- St.Theresas malankara syrian catholic church, pattoor
- St.sebastian catholic church, Pulimel