The town is named after the Muvattupuzha river (Muvattupuzha Aaru) which flows through it. The name is made up of three Malayalam words: 'Moonnu', which stands for 'three', 'aaru'-small river, and 'puzha', which also means river. 'Aaru' is a word that is usually used for rivers in the southern half of Kerala, while the term 'puzha' is used in the northern parts. The three rivers in this case are the Kothamangalam
river or Kothayaar, Kaliyar and Thodupuzha
aaru, which merge to form a single river. This place is called 'Thriveni Sangamam' in Malayalam which means `the point of confluence of three rivers'. Muvattupuzha river was practically free from pollution which slowly is changing due to the growth of small towns on the river's banks as well as industrial endeavours.
Muvattupuzha has a rich cultural tradition. Margamkali and martial arts like Parichamuttukali, are popular among the Syrian Christian community. It is performed by men and women separately. In the past, it was performed during Syrian Christian weddings. Shadkala Govinda Marar was born on the banks of the Muvattupuzha river. In the new era, the formation of Mela (Muvattupuzha Enlightened Lovers of Arts)-a registered fine arts society which was established in 1968 plays the lead role in the cultural life of this town. Chalana Film Society, now renamed as SYNE Foundation, established in 1997 conducts annual Film Festivals from the year 2000 and leads the cultural life.
Muvattupuzha is a part of Central Kerala. It lies between Angamaly
and Kottayam on the Main Central Road which runs along the length of the old Travancore, from Thiruvananthapuram
to Angamaly. The first and second longest state highways of Kerala, Main Central Road (Angamaly-Thiruvananthapuram / SH-01 / 240 km) and Main Eastern Highway (Muvattupuzha-Punalur
/ SH-08 / 154 km), meet here. The Kochi-Madurai NH 49 passes through Muvattupuzha. The Muvattupuzha - Theni Highway (SH 43) starts at the Chalikkadavu Bridge and goes through Randattinkara, Kotta, Udumbannoor, Nedumkandam
and Cumbum before ending at Theni